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Botany Sub-Group



Zoology Sub-Group

Geochemistry and Dating Sub-Group

Archaeology Sub-Group

Center of Excellence

Botany Research Sub-Group

Prof. Mordechai E. Kislev

Career Highlights:
  • Ph.D. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem 1972.
  • Postdoctorate Biologisch-Archaeologisch Institute in Groningen, Holland 1972.
  • Joined the Department of Life Sciences in 1973 as an Instructor.
  • Full Professor of Botany, Archaeobotany and Plants in Jewish Tradition since 1998.
  • 116 publications, 41 in refereed journals; 23 articles in books and 52 scientific papers in Hebrew.
  • Supervised 7 students (1 Ph.D., 2 post-doctorate and 6 M.Sc.); 4 Ph.D. are currently enrolled.

Research Interests and Goals:
  • Ancient environments and ecology; the economy and diet of early man.
  • Designing tools, such as computerized keys, for easier processing of the material.
  • Origin of cultivated plants.
  • Other contributions to archaeology, including pest insects, idolatry in the Roman period, early maritime trade, and dating the final stage of Bar Kokhba rebellion.
  • Identifying plant names and defining acts of work and concepts connected with crop processing in Jewish tradition.

Our goals are to maintain archaeobotany in Israel at the highest level and to produce tools that will simplify the processing of plant finds. In addition, we aim to put the botanical research of ancient Jewish tradition on a scientific and archaeobotanical basis.

Previous and Current Research:

Over the past 30 years, unique ancient plant remains have been uncovered in Israel that have vastly improved the understanding of the origins of agriculture and of the economy and diet of hunter-gatherer humans in very early periods. Among the findings studied are:

  • Ear fragments of wild barley, apparently cultivated, from Netiv Hagdud, Lower Jordan Valley, and dated to the early Pre-PotteryNeolithic period, 10,000 years ago.
  • Charred, 19,000-year-old remnants of wild wheat, barley, grape, olive, almond and pistachio found at Ohalo II, a submerged site on the shore of Lake Kinneret.
  • Seeds of wild pulses and other food plants, 60,000-50,000 years old, from Kebara Cave on the western slope of Mt. Carmel.
  • Waterlogged seeds of food and other plants from Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov, Upper Jordan Valley, some 750,000 years old.
  • Cordia myxa, used for bird liming, of the Islamic period found at Ashkelon.
  • Of importance to the Jewish tradition is the identification of the five cereals from which matza can be baked and the reconsideration of the olive’s bulk volume.

Future Projects:
  • Reconstructing the landscape of the Middle Pleistocene Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov.
  • Producing computerized keys for plant seeds by image analysis.
  • Dealing with current problems concerning the Torah and science.


Kislev, M.E., Kraviz, Z. and Lorch, J. 1972. A study of hawkmoth pollination, a palynological analysis of the proboscis. Israel Journal of Botany 21: 57-75.

Zeven, A.C., Doekes, G.J. and Kislev, M. 1975. Proteins in old grains of Triticum sp. Journal of Archaeological Science 2: 201-213.

Feldman, M. and Kislev, M. 1977. Aegilops searsii, a new species of section Sitopsis (Platystachys). Israel Journal of Botany 26: 190-201.

Werker, E. and Kislev, M. 1978. Mucilage on the root surface and root hairs of Sorghum: heterogeneity in structure, manner of production and site of accumulation. Annals of Botany 42: 809-816.

Feldman, M. and Kislev, M. 1978. Aegilops searsii, a new species from Israel and Jordan. Wheat Information Service 45/46: 39-40.

Kislev, M., Korach, E. and Negbi, M. 1978. Mechanisms of root penetration of seeds germinating on the soil surface. Annals of Botany 43: 87-92.

Gophna, R. and Kislev, M. 1979. Tel Saf (1977-1978). Revue Biblique 86: 112-114.

Kislev, M.E. 1980. Triticum parvicoccum sp. nov., the oldest naked wheat. Israel Journal of Botany 28: 95-107.

Edelstein, G. and Kislev, M. 1981. Mevasseret Yerushalayim, the ancient settlement and its agricultural terraces. Biblical Archaeologist 44: 53-56.

Kislev, M. 1981. The history of evolution of naked wheat. Zeitschrift für Archaologie 15: 57-64.

*Kislev, M. E. 1982. Stem rust of wheat 3300 years old found in Israel. Science 216: 993-994.

*Kislev, M. 1985. Emergence of wheat agriculture. Paléorient 10(2): 61-70 (English with French summary).

*Kislev, M.E. 1985. Early Neolithic horsebean from Yiftah'el, Israel. Science 228: 319-320.

Kislev, M.E. 1985. Reference to the pistachio tree in Near East geographical names. Palestine Exploration Quarterly 117: 133-138.

Bar-Yosef, O. and Kislev, M.E. l986. Earliest domesticated barley in the Jordan Valley. National Geographic Research 2: 257.

Kislev, M.E. 1986. A barley store of the Bar-Kochba rebels. Israel Journal of Botany 35: 183-196.

Kislev, M.E., Bar-Yosef, O. and Gopher, A. 1986. Early Neolithic domesticated and wild barley from the Netiv Hagdud region in the Jordan Valley. Israel Journal of Botany 35: 197-201.

Cohn, D.F. and Kislev, M.E. 1987. Human Neurolathyrism. Adler Museum Bulletin 13(1): 5-8.

Kislev, M.E. and Bar-Yosef, O. 1988. The legumes: the earliest domesticated plants in the Near East? Current Anthropology 29: 175-179.

Kislev, M.E. 1988. Nahal Hemar Cave: desiccated plant remains, an interim report. Atiqot 18: 76-81, pl. 27-28.

Garfinkel, Y., Kislev, M.E. and Zohary, D. 1988. Lentil in the pre-pottery Neolithic B Yiftah'el: additional evidence of its early domestication. Israel Journal of Botany 37: 49-51.

*Kislev, M.E. 1988. Pinus pinea in agriculture, culture and cult. Forschungen und Berichte zur Vor-und Frühgeschichte in Baden-Württemberg 31: 73-79.

Kislev, M.E. 1989. Multiformity in barley from an Iron Age store in Sinai. Dissertationes Botanicae 133: 67-80.

*Kislev, M.E. 1989. Origins of the cultivation of Lathyrus sativus and L. cicera (Fabaceae). Economic Botany 43: 262-270.

Plitmann, U. and Kislev, M.E. 1989 . Reproductive changes induced by domestication. In: C.H. Stirton and J.L. Zarucchi (eds.). Advances in Legume Biology . Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Botanical Gardens 29: 487-503.

Hershkovitz, I., Ring, B., Speirs, M., Galili, E., Kislev, M.E., Edelson, G. and Hershkovitz, A. 1991 . Possible congenital hemolytic anemia in prehistoric coastal inhabitants of Israel . American Journal of Physical Anthropology 85:7-13.

Goren-Inbar, N., Lewy, Z. and Kislev, M.E. 1991 . Bead-like fossils from an Acheulian occupation site, Israel . Rock Art Research 8: 133-136.

Kislev, M.E. and Rosenzweig, S. 1991 . Influence of experimental charring on seed dimensions of pulses . Acta Interdisciplinaria Archaeologica 7: 143-157.

Bar-Yosef, O., Gopher, A., Tchernov, E. and Kislev, M.E. 1991 . Netiv Hagdud: an early Neolithic village site in the Jordan Valley . Journal of Field Archaeology 18: 405-424.

Kislev, M.E. 1991 . Aparicio de l'agricultura del blat . Cota Zero 7: 36-46.

*Kislev, M.E. 1992 . Vegetal food of Bar Kokhba rebels at Abi'or Cave near Jericho . Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 73: 153-160.

Goren-Inbar, N., Belitzky, S., Verosub, K., Werker, E., Kislev, M.E., Heimann, A., Carmi, I. and Rosenfeld, A. 1992 . New discoveries at the Middle Pleistocene Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Israel . Quaternary Research 38: 117-128.

*Kislev, M.E., Nadel, D. and Carmi, I. 1992 . Epipalaeolithic (19,000 BP) cereal and fruit diet at Ohalo II, Sea of Galilee, Israel . Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 73: 161-166.

Chernoff, M., Plitmann, U. and Kislev, M.E. 1992 . Seed characters and testa texture in species of the Vicieae: their taxonomic significance . Israel Journal of Botany 41: 167-186.

Galili, E., Weinstein-Evron, M., Hershkovitz, I., Kislev, M.E., Lernau, O. and
Lernau, H. 1993 . Atlit-Yam: A prehistoric site on the sea floor off the Israeli coast . Journal of Field Archaeology 20: 133-157.

*Kislev, M.E., Artzy, M. and Marcus, E. 1993 . Import of an Aegean food plant to a Middle Bronze II A coastal site in Israel . Levant 25: 145-154.

Nadel, D., Danin, A., Werker, E., Schick, T., Kislev, M.E. and Stewart, K. 1994.

19,000-year-old twisted fibers from Ohalo II . Current Anthropology 35: 451-458.

Kislev, M.E. 1995 . Wild olive stones at submerged Chalcolithic Kfar Samir, Haifa, Israel . Journal of the Israel Prehistoric Society 26: 134-145.

Kislev, M.E., Melamed, Y., Simchoni, O. and Marmorstein, M. 1997 . Computerized key of grass grains of the Mediterranean basin . Lagascalia 19(2): 289-294.

*Goren-Inbar, N., Feibel, C.S., Verosub, K.L., Melamed, Y., Kislev, M.E., Tchernov, E. and Saragusti, I. 2000 . Pleistocene milestones on the out-of-Africa corridor at Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Israel . Science 289: 944-947.

Goren-Inbar, N., Sharon, G., Melamed, Y. and Kislev, M.E. 2002 . Nuts, nut cracking, and pitted stones at Gesher Benot Ya’aqov, Israel . P. N. A. S. 99: 2455-2460.

Kislev, M.E. 2002. Origin of annual crops by agro-evolution . Israel Journal of Plant Sciences 50: 85-88.

Nadel, D., Tsatskin, A., Belmaker, M., Kislev, M.E., Rabinovitch, R., Simmons, T., Bar-Yosef Mayer, D.E., Boaretto, E., Hershkovitz, I., Simchoni. O., Weiss, E., Zohar, I., Emmer, G., Ghraieb, T., Grinberg, U., Spivak, P., Weissbrod, L. and Zaidner, Y. 2003 . The Ohalo II 2001 season of excavation: a preliminary report . Journal of Israel Prehistoric Society 33: 9-36.

Kislev, M.E. and Marmorstein, M. 2003 . Cereals and fruit from a collapsed cave south of Khirbet Qumran . Israel Exploration Journal 53: 74-77.

*Kislev, M.E., Weiss, E. and Hartmann, A. 2004 . Impetus for sowing and the beginning of agriculture: Ground collecting of wild cereals . P. N. A. S. 101 (9): 2692-2695.

*Nadel, D., Weiss, E., Simchoni, O., Tsatskin, A., Danin, A. and Kislev, M. 2004 . Stone Age hut in Israel yields world’s oldest evidence of bedding . P. N. A. S. 101 (17): 6821-6826.

*Goren-Inbar, N., Alperson, N., Kislev, M.E., Simchoni, O., Melamed, Y., Ben-Nun, A. and Werker, E. 2004 . Evidence of Hominin control of fire at Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Israel . Science 304: 725-727.

Weiss, E. and Kislev M.E. 2004. Plant remains as indicators for economic activity: a case study from Iron Age Ashkelon . Journal of Archaeological Science 31: 1-13.

Kislev, M.E., Hartmann, A. and Galili, E. 2004 . Archaeobotanical and archaeoentomological evidence from a well at Atlit-Yam indicates colder, more humid climate on the Israeli coast during the PPNC period. Journal of Archaeological Science 31: 1301-1310.

Nadel, D., Tsatskin, A., Belmaker, M., Boaretto, E., Kislev, M., Mienis, H., Rabinovich, R., Simchoni, O., Simmons, T., Weiss, E. and Zohar, I. 2004 . On the shore of a fluctuating lake: Environmental evidence from Ohalo II (19,500 B.P.). Israel Journal of Earth Sciences 53: 207-223.

Weiss, E., Kislev, M. E., Simchoni, O. and Nadel, D. 2004. Small-grained wild grasses as staple food at the 23 000-year-old site of Ohalo II, Israel. Economic Botany 58: S125-S137.

Weiss, E. and Kislev, M. 2004. Weeds & seeds: what archaeobotany can teach us. Biblical Archaeology Review 30 (6): 32-37.

Lev, E., Kislev, M.E. and Bar-Yosef, O. 2005. Mousterian Vegetal Food in Kebara Cave, Mt. Carmel. Journal of Archaeological Science 32:475-484.

Kislev, M.E., Hartmann, A. and Bar-Yosef, O. 2006. Early domesticated fig in the Jordan Valley. Science 312: 1372-1374.

Weiss, E., Kislev, M.E. and Hartmann, A. 2006. Autonomous cultivation before domestication. Science 312: 1608-1610.

Hartmann, A., Kislev, M.E. and Weiss, E. 2006. How and when was wild wheat domesticated? Science 313: 296.

Kislev, M.E., Hartmann, A. and Bar-Yosef, O. 2006. Response to comment on "Early domesticated fig in the Jordan Valley". Science 314: 1683a

Weiss, E. and Kislev, M.E. Plant remains as a tool to reconstruct past environment, economy and agriculture: archaeobotany in Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Science (in press).

Feldman, M. and Kislev, M. E. Domestication of emmer wheat and evolution of free-threshing tetraploid wheat Israel Journal of Plant Sciences (in press)

Simchoni, O. and Kislev, M . Relict plant remains in the Cave of the Spear, a Roman refuge cave, Judean Desert . Israel Exploration Journal (in press).

Articles in Books

Kislev, M. 1980 . Contenu d'un silo a blé de l'époque du fer ancien. In: J. Briend et J.B. Humbert, Tell Keisan (1971-1976) une cité phénicienne en Galilée, Éditions Universitaires Fribourg Suisse, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen et Gabalda, Paris. Ch. 22, pp. 361-378 (French with English summary).

Kislev, M.E. 1984 . Botanical evidence for ancient naked wheat in the Near East. In: W. van Zeist and W.A. Casparie (eds.). Plant and Ancient Man: Studies in Palaeoethnobotany. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 141-152.

Kislev, M.E. and Hopf, M. 1985 . Food remains from Tell Qasile. In: A. Mazar (ed.), Excavations at Tell Qasile, II. The Institute of Archaeology, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem (Qedem 20): 140-147.

Kislev, M.E. 1986 . Archaeobotanical findings on the origins of Lathyrus sativus and L. cicera . In: A. K. Kaul and D. Combes, (eds.) Lathyrus and Lathyrism, Third World Medical Research Foundation, New York, pp. 46-51.

Kislev, M.E. 1987 . Chalcolithic plant husbandry and ancient vegetation at Shiqmim. In: T.E. Levy, Shiqmim I, Studies Concerning Chalcolithic Societies in the Northern Negev Desert, Israel (1982-1984). British Archaeological Reports, International Series, Oxford 356: 251-279; 549-563.

Kislev, M.E. 1987 . An olive bulk: the olive fruit as an ancient unit of capacity. In: M. Heltzer and D. Eitam (eds.). Olive Oil in Antiquity: Israel and neighbouring countries from Neolithic to early Arab period. University of Haifa, Israel Oil Museum and Dagon Museum, Haifa, pp. l26-132.

Kislev, M.E. 1988 . Fruit remains. In: B. Rothenberg. The Egyptian Mining Temple at Timna. Institute of Archaeology, London, pp. 236-241; plates 131-132.

Kislev, M.E. 1989 . Pre-domesticated cereals in the pre-pottery Neolithic A period. In: I. Hershkovitz (ed.). People and Culture in Change. British Archaeological Reports, International Series 508(i). Oxford, pp. 147-152.

Bar-Yosef, O. and Kislev M.E. 1989 . Early farming communities in the Jordan Valley. In: D.R. Harris and G.C. Hillman (eds.). Foraging and Farming: the Evolution of Plant Domestication. Hyman, London, pp. 632-642.

Kislev, M.E. 1990 . Extinction of Acacia nilotica in Israel - a methodological approach. In: S. Bottema, G. Entjes-Nieborg and W. van Zeist (eds.). Man's Role in the Shaping of the Eastern Mediterranean Landscape. Balkema, Rotterdam, Ch. 24, pp. 307-318.

Kislev, M.E. 1991 . Archaeobotany and storage archaeoentomology. In: J. Renfrew (ed.). New Light on Ancient Farming. University Press, Edinburgh, Ch. 11, pp. 121-136.

Kislev, M.E. 1992 Agriculture in the Near East in the VIIth millennium bc. In: CNRS (ed.). Préhistoire de l'Agriculture: Nouvelles approaches expérimentales et ethnographiques. Monographie du Centre de Recherches Archéologiques, No. 6, pp. 87-93.

Kislev, M.E. 1993 . Archaeological remains of Mediterranean floras. In: H. Demiriz (ed.) Proceedings of the 5th OPTIMA Meeting, Istanbul, 8-15 September, 1986, pp. 307-314.

Kislev, M.E. 1993 . Food remains. In: I. Finkelstein, S. Bunimovich and Z. Lederman (eds.). Shiloh: The Archaeology of a Biblical Site. Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, pp. 354-361.

Kislev, M.E., Simchoni, O., Melamed, Y. and Marmorstein, M. 1995 . Computerized key for grass grains of Israel and its adjacent regions. In: H. Kroll and R. Pasternak (eds.). Res Archaeobotanicae, International Workgroup for Palaeoethnobotany, Proceedings of the 9th Symposium, Oetker-Voges, Kiel, 1992, pp. 69-79.

Kislev, M.E. 1996 . An olive bulk: the olive fruit as an ancient unit of capacity. In: M. Heltzer and D. Eitam (eds.). Olive Oil in Antiquity: Israel and Neighbouring Countries from Neolith to Early Arab Period. Sargon srl, Padova, pp. 249-254.

Kislev, M.E. 1996 . The domestication of the olive tree. In: M. Heltzer and D. Eitam (eds.). Olive Oil in Antiquity: Israel and Neighbouring Countries from Neolith to Early Arab Period. Sargon srl, Padova, pp. 3-6.

Kislev, M.E. 1997. Early agriculture and paleoecology of Netiv Hagdud. In: O. Bar-Yosef and A. Gopher (eds.). An Early Neolithic Village in the Jordan Valley. Part I: The Archaeology of Netiv Hagdud. Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, pp. 209-236.

Kislev, M.E. 1998 . The relative impact of pig husbandry versus goat browsing on ancient oak forests in Israel, In: G. Edelstein, I. Milevski and S. Aurant (eds.). Villages, Terraces and Stone Mounds: Excavations at Mannhat, Jerusalem, 1987-1989, Ch. 12. Israel Antiquities Authority Reports 3, Jerusalem, pp. 113-118.

*Kislev, M.E. 1999 . Agriculture in the Near East in the VIIth millennium bc. In: P.C. Anderson (ed.). Prehistory of Agriculture: New Experimental and Ethnographic Approaches. Revised edition. Monograph 40, Institute of Archaeology, University of California, Los Angeles, pp. 51-55.

Kislev, M.E., Melamed, Y., Simchoni, O. and Marmorstein, M. 1999 . Computerized keys for archaeological grains: first steps. In: S. Pike and S. Gitin (eds.). The Practical Impact of Science on Near Eastern and Aegean Archaeology. Archetype, London, pp. 29-31.

Kislev, M.E. 2000 . Does Jewish law permit grafting melon or watermelon on pumpkin? In: N. Katzir and H.S. Paris (eds.) Proceedings of Cucurbitaceae 2000, International Society for Horticultural Science, Leuven, pp. 231-234.

Kislev, M. and Melamed, Y. 2000 . Ancient infested wheat and horsebean at Horvat Rosh Zait. In: Z. Gal and Y. Alexandre (eds.). Horbat Rosh Zayit: an Iron Age storage fort and village. Israel Antiquities Authority Reports 8, Jerusalem, pp. 206-220.

Kislev, M.E. and Simchoni, O. 2002 . Reconstructing the palaeoecology of Ohalo II, an early Epipalaeolithic site in Israel . In: S.L.R. Mason and J.G. Hather (eds.). Hunter-Gatherer Archaeobotany: Perspectives from the Northern Temperate Zone. Institute of Archaeology, University College, London, pp. 174-179.

Kislev, M.E. and Melamed, Y. 2002 . The burnt plants. In:Y. Goren and P. Fabian (eds.). Kissufim Road: A Chalcolithic Mortuary Site. Israel Antiquities Authority Reports 16, Jerusalem, pp. 55-56.

Kislev, M., Simchoni, O. and Weiss, E. 2002 . Reconstruction of the landscape, human economy and hut use according to seeds and fruit remains from Ohalo II. In: D. Nadel (ed.). Ohalo II: A 23,000-Year-Old Fisher-Hunter-Gatherers’ Camp on the Shore of the Sea of Galilee. Reuben and Edith Hecht Museum, University of Haifa, pp. 21*-23*.

Kislev, M.E. 2003 . The botanical remains: a clue to dating the season of the ship's voyage. In: E. Linder and Y. Kahanov (eds.). The Ma'agan Michael Ship: The recovery of a 2400-year-old Merchantman. Vol. 1. Israel Exploration Society and University of Haifa, p. 244.

Kislev, M.E. and Marmorstein, M. 2004. Seed and fruit remains from Horvat Raqit. In: S. Dar (ed.). Raqit: Marinus’ Estate on the Carmel, Israel. Bar International Series 1300. Oxford, pp. 299-302.

Simchoni, O. and Kislev, M.E. 2006 . Charred by-products of olive-oil production in the Iron Age. In: A. Mazar (ed.). Excavations at Tel Beth-Shean 1989-1996, vol. 1. The Israel Exploration Society and the Institute of Archaeology, HUJ, Jerusalem, pp. 679-685.

Kislev, M.E., Melamed, Y. and Langsam, Y. 2006. Plant remains from Tel Batash. In: N. Panitz-Cohen and A. Mazar (eds.). Timnah (Tel Batash) III: The Finds from the
Second Millennium BCE (Qedem 45). Jerusalem, The Hebrew University, pp. 295-311.  

Kislev, M.E., Simchoni, O. and Melamed, Y. 2006. Plant remains. In: Y. Garfinkel & D. Dag (eds.). Gesher: a Pre-pottery Neolithic A site in the central Jordan Valley, Israel, final report. ex Oriente, Berlin, pp.187-191.

Kislev, M.E. and Simchoni, O. 2007 . Hygiene and insect damage of crops and foods at Masada. In: J. Aviram, G. Foerster, E. Netzer and G.D. Stiebel (eds.). Masada VIII. Israel Exploration Society and The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, pp. 133-170.

Simchoni, O., Kislev, M.E. and Melamed, Y. 2007 Bet-Shean as a trade center of crops in the Bronze Age: botanical and entomological evidence.  In: A. Mazar and R.A. Mullins (eds.). Excavations at Tel Bet-Shean 1989-1996. Vol. II, the Middle and Late Bronze Age strata in Area R. The Israel Exploration Society and The Institute of Archaeology, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, pp. 702-715.

Kislev, M.E. Cereal grains from a dump pit at Deir el-Balah. In: T. Dothan, B. Brandl, B. Gould, G. Lipton and A. Killihrew (eds.). Excavations at the Cemetery and the Settlement of Deir el-Balah Qedem. (in press).

Simchoni, O. and Kislev, M.E.Food and fodder in Early Bronze I Age at Bet-Shean. In: A. Mazar (ed.). Excavations at Tel Bet-Shean 1989-1996. Vol. I, Area M (In press).

Kislev, M.E.Infested stored crops in the Iron Age I granary at Tel Hadar. In: P. Beck, M. Kochavi and E. Yadin (eds.). Tel Hadar Stratum IV: an early Iron Age emporium on the shores of Lake Kinneret. Tel Aviv University (in press).

Kislev, M.E., Hartmann, A. and Noy, T. (in press) . The plant subsistence of Hunter-Gatherers at Neolithic Gilgal I, Jordan Valley, Israel. In: O. Bar-Yosef, A. Gopher, N. Goring-Morris (eds.). Gilgal: Early Neolithic occupation in the Lower Jordan Valley, the excavations of Tamar Noy. Brill Academic Publishers, pp. 249-254.

Kislev, M.E. and Hartmann, A . Food crops from Pottery Neolithic Nahal Zehora II (in press).

Kislev M.E. and Lev, E. (in press). Plant remains in the Middle Paleolithic layers at Kebara cave. In: O. Bar-Yosef, & L. Meignen (eds.). The Middle Paleolithic Archaeology of Kebara Cave, Mt Carmel. Part I. Peabody Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.

Kislev, M.E . Man and his food plants in the desert of Timna. In: B. Rothenberg et al. Excavations at Timna and in the Arava, Vol. II.  (In press).

Kislev, M.E . Cordia myxa - the birdlime tree of the Near East. In: L. Stager (ed.). Ashkelon I. Semitic Museum, Harvard.  (In press).

Galili, E., Eshed, V., Kislev, M. E., Simchoni,  O., Hershkovitz, I. and Gopher, A. Earliest evidence for an organized burial ground from the submerged Pottery Neolithic site of Neve-Yam, Carmel coast, Israel.

Kislev, M. E.  Reconstructing the ear morphology of ancient small-grain wheat (T. turgidum ssp. parvicoccum). In: A. Fairbairn and E. Weiss (eds.). Ethnobotanist of Distant Pasts: Papers in Honour of Gordon Hillman. Oxford Press (in press).

Mahler-Slasky, Y. and Kislev, M. E. Food remains from Area X. In: M. Kokhbi, E. Yadin and Y. Gadot (eds.). Aphek-Antipatris II: Middle Bronze, Late Bronze and Iron Age Remains from the Acropolis (Area X) and Area G of Tel Aphek (in press).

Electronic Scientific Programs

Kislev, M.E., Melamed, Y., Simchoni, O. and Marmorstein, M . Computerized key for grass grains.

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